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ORCID is a tool for authors to disambiguate their works from other researchers


What is NSPM-33?

National Security Presidential Memorandum-33 was issued on January 14, 2021 by President Trump and then subsequently endorsed by President Biden. It's purpose is to strengthen protections of United States Government-supported Research and Development (R&D) against foreign government interference and exploitation. 


NSPM-33 Objectives:

  • To enhance awareness of research security risks and protections.
  • To improve disclosure requirements and processes.
  • To limit access and participation with US government facilities through policies and processes
  • To improve vetting processes of foreign students and researchers.
  • To strengthen response measures with information sharing

How does NSPM-33 relate to ORCID?

One of NSPM-33 objectives is to improve/strengthen disclosure requirements and processes [Sec.4.Priorities (b)(v & vi)]. While ORCID is not mentioned specifically in the NSPM-33 memo, the memo does discuss use of Digital Persistent Identifiers (DPIs) for individuals. Currently ORCID is the only DPI for individuals that meets the requirements stipulated in the NSPM-33 guidance. A table illustrating this can be seen in the box below.

Implementation guidance for NSPM-33 was issued in January 2022 by the National Science and Technology Council. It includes a section specific to DPIs that begins on page 8 (pg 18 of pdf).  This guidance includes the following:

  • Research agencies should work to implement DPIs into their electronic systems and processes as quickly as is feasible
  • Research agencies should allow submission of required disclosure information via a DPI service
  • Researcher maintains information...on an individual profile or record maintained by a DPI service and associated with a DPI
  • During the grant application process, the individual: provides (his/her) DPI and via the DPI service, authenticates the DPI and authorizes the research agency to access the required information.
  • To the greatest extent possible, research agencies should leverage DPI services provided by private entities, including, where possible, services already widely used by researchers.


NSPM-33 Core Standards for a DPI Service