Scoping reviews can be used to determine the scope or coverage of a body of literature on a given topic. They are typically used for broad questions and can help identify and map the available evidence. A meta-analysis is not usually part of a scoping review.
You may choose to conduct a Scoping Review:
Source: Munn Z, Peters MDJ, Stern C, Tufanaru C, McArthur A, Aromataris E. Systematic review or scoping review? Guidance for authors when choosing between a systematic or scoping review approach. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2018 Nov 19;18(1):143. doi: 10.1186/s12874-018-0611-x. PMID: 30453902; PMCID: PMC6245623.
|Scoping Reviews||Systematic Reviews|
|Broad topic, not answering a specific question/investigating a specific intervention||Yes||No|
|Protocol Registration Site||Open Science Framework (OSF); Cannot register in PROSPERO||PROSPERO|
|Typical question outline format||PCC||PICO|
|Explicit, transparent search strategy||Yes||Yes|
|Standardized data extraction forms||Yes||Yes|
|Mandatory critical appraisal of included studies (risk of bias assessment)||No||Yes|
|Synthesis of findings from individual studies and generation of summary findings||No||Yes|
|Grey Literature Search||Not typically done, but may be included depending on the topic||Yes|
|Example Question||What research is available about non-pharmaceutical treatments to treat ADHD?||Is cognitive behavior therapy an effective treatment for ADHD in young adults?|
Source: JBI Manual: Table 11.1 (Modified)