To claim an interim research product, including a preprint, as a product of an NIH award, the NIH expects that the awardee will:
To cite the interim research product, applicants and awardees must include the Digital Object Identifier and the Object type (e.g. preprint, protocol) in the citation. Also list any information about the document version (e.g. most recent date modified), and if relevant, the date the product was cited.
For applications submitted for the May 25, 2017 due date and thereafter, awardees can claim these products on their progress report publication list. They can also report them on their RPPR as of May 25, 2017, and link them to their award in their My Bibliography account.
Source: Reporting Preprints and Other Interim Research Products
If the preprint has a record in PubMed, add the citation to the preprint using the "Add to My Bibliography" tool.
If the preprint does not have a record in PubMed, manually enter the citation using the "Add Citations" tool in My Bibliography. Select the "Interim Products" template for the preprint.
Guidance and Screenshots:
The December 2021 ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals included guidance on selecting a preprint server and citing preprints in manuscripts. See the 2021 Annotated Recommendations for more information.